It was here that Kamehameha I rested after his eight-year campaign to unite the Hawaiian isles. For comparison, almost all of Kīlauea and Mauna Loa is listed as threat levels 1 through 3. [6], Lava attributed to a shield-stage Hualālai has been found just offshore of the volcano's northwest rift zone. Bushes, ferns, and grass are common, and even a few ōhiʻa lehua trees (Metrosideros polymorpha) grow along the summit. [6] According to the USGS lava-flow hazard zones, on a scale of 1 to 9, all of Hualālai is listed as threat level 4. This was probably caused by magma movement near the surface, but there was no surface activity or eruption. Very active 2,400–1,900 years. Volcano Watch is a weekly article and activity update written by U.S. Geological Survey Hawaiian Volcano Observatory scientists and colleagues. [12], Hualālai has been a home to native people since ancient times. [11] Hualālai entered the post-shield stage, the stage it is presently in, about 100,000 years ago. I think it has erupted actual andesite too, where Etna erupts low silica alkali basalts like Hualalai but at a relatively low temperature compared to a plume volcano. [10], Hualālai is a known source for xenoliths, rock from the Earth's mantle that have been brought up in lava flows. Although it has been relatively placid in the recent past, Hualālai is still potentially active, and is expected to erupt again within the next 100 years.[1]. In addition, the HVO uses GPS to measure slight changes in tilt and slope of Hualālai, indicative of magmatic movement. It is also dormant currently however it is the third most active volcano in Hawaii with it lasting erupting during 1800-1801 and expected to erupt every few hundred years. Although Hualālai does experience several magnitude-4 earthquakes per year, these are attributed to a deep source off the coast of the north-western rift zone and are not related to the movement of magma. North Las Vegas, Nev. / 866-260-0069 / shadowcreek.com Tom Fazio, with Steve Wynn (1990) 7,560 Yards, Par 72 / Points: 64.2344 One of a kind, and maybe Tom Fazio's finest work ever. The most recent major activity at the volcano was in 1929, when an intense earthquake swarm rocked Hualālai, most likely caused by magmatic action near the volcano's peak. Hualālai stands at 8,271 ft (2,521 m) with a prominence of 3,071 ft (936 m). Glaciers covered parts of the volcano's summit area during the recent ice ages, the only Hawaiian volcano known to have been glaciated. The Hawaiian Islands are at the southeast end of a chain of volcanoes that began to form more than 70 million years ago. The coast west of Hualālai in particular had several royal complexes. Centuries ago, the Ahu A Umi Heiau was built on the dry plateau east of the mountain. The volcano's summit is about 969 m (3,179 ft) below sea level, located 30 km (22 miles) southeast of the Island of Hawai‘i. It extends for 9 km (6 mi), and has a prominence of 275 m (902 ft), north of the summit at 19°46′15″N 155°49′56″W / 19.77083°N 155.83222°W / 19.77083; -155.83222 (Puu Waa Waa). The basalts erupted around Hekla and Katla are very similar to Etna basalts too, and also very similar in eruption much more strombolian than hawaiian and very little or no pahoehoe. [23] The Hawaii Belt Road traverses the western slopes with an upper route called the Mamalahoa Highway and lower route named for Queen Kaʻahumanu. [1][15] The eruption at Hualālai was concurrent with an eruption at the nearby Mauna Loa. Hualālai has no summit caldera, although there is a collapse crater about 0.3 mi (0.48 km) across atop a small lava shield. [28], Although some of Hualālai is bare volcanic rock, most of it is covered by some form of vegetation. [32], The Honuaula forest reserve on the southwestern flank of the volcano at 19°30′25″N 155°54′41″W / 19.50694°N 155.91139°W / 19.50694; -155.91139 (Honuaula State Forest), preserves an extensive koa (Acacia koa) forest stand, with smaller Naio (Myoporum sandwicense) and Māmane (Sophora chrysophylla) trees and an undergrowth of ʻĀkala (Rubus hawaiensis) and various ferns. [18] The Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park lies on the shore west of Hualālai, over the site of an ancient Hawaiian settlement. It is theorized that, in the near past, Hualālai has had synchronous eruptions with both Mauna Loa and Kilauea. [20], Today, the coast west of Hualālai is a popular location for vacation resorts, since the rain shadow of the mountain causes many sunny days. [8], The other major outflow from the event reached the sea south of Kiholo Bay, destroying the village of Kaʻūpūlehu. 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